History of the Concept of Time (GA 20)


Introduction The Theme and Method of the Lecture Course
1. Nature and history as domains of objects for the sciences
2. Prolegomena to a Phenomenology of hisotry and nature under the 
   guidance of the history of the concept of time
3. Outline of the lecture course


The sense and Task of Phenomenological Research

Chapter One Emergence and Initial Breakthrough of Phenomenological Research
4. The situation of philosophy in the second half of the 19th century, 
   Philosophy and the sciences
  a) The position of positivism
  b) Neo-Kantianism--the rediscovery of Kant in the philosophy 
     of science
  c) Critique of positivism--Dilthey's call for an independent 
     method for the human sciences
  d) The trivilizing of Dilthey's inquiry by Windelband and 
  e) Philosophy as 'scientific philosophy'--psychology as the
     basic science of philosophy (the theory of consciousness)
     α Franz Brentano
     β Edmund Husserl

Chapter Two The Fundamental Discoveries of Phenomenology,
            Its Principle, and the Clarification of Its Name
5. Intentionality
  a) Intentionality as the structure of lived experiences:
     exposition and initial elucidation
  b) Rickert's misunderstanding of phenomenology and 
  c) The basic constitution of intentionality as such
     α The perceived of perceiving: the entity in
            itself (environmental thing, natural thing, 
     β  The perceived of perceiving: the how of
	    being-intended (the perceivedness of the 
            entity, the feature of bodily-there)
     γ Initial indication of the basic mode of 
            intentionality as the belonging together
	    of intentio and intentum
6. Categorical Intuition
  a) Intentional presuming and intentional fulfillment
     α Identification as demonstrative fulfillment
     β  Evidence as Identifying fulfillment
     γ Truth as demonstrative identification
     δ Truth and being
  b) Intuition and expression
     α Expression of perceptions
     β  Simple and multi-level acts
  c) Acts of synthesis
  d) Acts of ideation
     α Averting misunderstandings
     β  The significance of this discovery
7. The original sense of the apriori
8. The principal of phenomenology
  a) The meaning of the maxim "to the matters themselves"
  b) Phenomenology's understanding of itself as analytic
     description of intentionality in its apriori
9. Clarification of the name 'phenomenology'
  a) Clarification of the original sense of the component parts of
     the name
     α The original sense of φαινόμενον
     β  Original sense of λόγος, λόγος ἀποφαντικός and λόγος σημαντικός
  b) Definition of the unified meaning thus obtained and the
     research corresponding to it
  c) Correcting a few typical misunderstandings of
     phenomenology which stem from its name

Chapter Three The Early Development of Phenomenological
              Research and the Necessity of a Radical
              Reflection in and from Itself	   
10. Elaboration of the thematic field: the fundamental determination
    of intentionality
  a) Explication of the demarcation of the thematic field of
     phenomenology and fixation of the working horizons in
     Husserl and Scheler
  b) Fundamental reflection upon the regional stucture of the
     field in its originality: elaboration of pure consciousness as
     an independent region of being
11. Immanent critique of phenomenological research: critical 
    discussion of the four determinations of pure conciousness
  a) Consciousness is immanent being
  b) Consciousness is absolute being in the sense of absolute giveness
  c) Consciousness is absolutely given in the sense of 'nulla re
     indigent ad existendum'
  d) Consciousness is pure being
12. Exposition of the neglect of the question of the being of the
    intentional as the basic field of phenomenological research
13. Exposition of the neglect of the question of the sense of being itself
    and of the being of man in phenomenology
  a) The necessary demarcation of phenomenology from
     naturalistic psychology, and its overcoming
  b) Dilthey's endeavour of a 'personalistic psychology'--his idea
     of man as a person
  c) Husserl's adoption of the personalistic tendency in the
  d) Fundamental critique of personalistic psychology on a
     phenomenological basis
  e) Scheler's unsuccessful attempt in determining the mode of
     the being of acts and of the performer of acts
  f) Result of the critical reflection: the neglect of the question
     of being as such and of the being of the intentional is
     grounded in the fallenness of Dasein itself


Analysis of the Phenomenon of Time
and Derivation of the Concept of Time


Preparatory Description of the Field in Which 
the Phenomenon of Time Becomes Manifest

Chapter One The Phenomenology That Is Grounded in the
            Question of Being
14. Exposition of the question of being from the radically understood
    sense of the phenomenological principle
  a) Assumption of the tradition as a genuine repitition
  b) Modification of the thematic field, the scientific way of
     treating it and the previous self-understanding of
     phenomenology by critical reflection on the fundamental
     question of being as such
  c) Unfolding the question of being with time as our guiding clue

Chapter Two Elaboration of the Question of Being in Terms of
            an Initial Explication of Dasein
15. Emergence of the question of being from an indeterminate
    preunderstanding of Dasien--question of being and 
    understanding of being
16. Interrogative structure of the question of being
17. Correlation of the question of being and the quetioning entity

Chapter Three The Most Immediate Explication of Dasein
            Starting from its Everydayness. The Basic
            Constitution of Dasein as Bing-in-the-World
18. Acquisition of the fundamental structures of the basic constitution
    of Dasein
  a) The Dasein is in the 'to be it at its time'
  b) The Dasein is the 'to be' of everydayness for its particular while
19. The basic constitution of Dasein as being-in-the-world. The
    in-being of Dasein and the being-in of things on hand
20. Knowing as a derivative mode of the in-being of Dasein
21. Worldhood of the world
  a) Worldhood as the wherein for Dasein's leeway of encounter
  b) Worldhood of the environing world: aroundness, the
     primary character of the space of the "around" as 
     constitutive of worldhood
22. How the tradition passed over the question of the worldhood of
    the world. Descartes as an example
23. Positive expositionof the basic structure of the worldhood of the
  a) Analysis of the characters of encounter of the world
     (reference, referential totality, familiarity, 'one')
  b) Interpretations of the structure of encounter of the
     environing world: the phenomenal correlation founding
     the characters of encounter themselves
     α The work-world: more detailed phenomenological
        interpretation of the environing world of concern
     β  Characterization of the specific function of encounter of
        this work-world for encountering the nearest things in
        the environing world--the specific character of reality
        of the handy
     γ  The specific function of encounter of the work-world for
        letting us encounter that which is always already there--
        the extant on hand
  c) Determination of the basic structure of worldhood as
     α Misinterpretation of the phenomenon of reference as
        substance and function
     β  Sense of the structure of encounter belonging to world
        as meaningfulness
     γ  Interconnection of the phenomenon of meaningfulness,
        sign, reference, and relation
        the extant on hand
     δ  Being-in-the-world, as concerned and understanding
        discloses the world as meaningfulness
24. Internal structuring of the question of the reality of the external
  a) The reality of the external world is exempt from any proof
     of it or belief in it
  b) The reality of the real (worldhood of the world) cannot be
     defined on the basis of its being an object and being
  c) Reality is not interpreted by way of the in-itself; rather, this
     character is itself in need of interpretation
  d) Reality is not understood primarily in terms of the
     bodily presence of the perceived
  e) Reality is not adeuately clarified by the phenomenon of
     resistance as the object of drive and effort
25. Spatiality of the world
  a) Highlighting of the phenomenal structure of aroundness as
     such is constituted by: remotion, region, orientation
  b) The primary spatiality of Dasein itself: remotion, region,
     orientation are determinations of the being of Dasein as
  c) Spatializing the environing world and its space--space and
     extension in mathematical determination using Leibniz as
     an example
26. The 'who' of being-in-the-world
  a) Dasein as being-with--the being of others as co-Dasein
     (critique of the thematic of empathy)
  b) The Anyone as the who of the being of with-one-another in

Chapter Four A More Original Explication of In-Being: The
            Being of Dasein as Care
27. In-being and care--an outline
28. The phenomenon of discoveresness
  a) Structure of the discoveredness of Dasein in its world:
  b) Understanding: the enactment of the being of discoveredness
  c) The cultivation of understanding in interpretation
  d) Discourse and language
     α Discourse and hearing
     β  Discourse and silence
     γ  Discourse and idle talk
     δ  Discourse and language
29. Falling as a basic movement of Dasein
  a) Idle talk
  b) Curiosity
  c) Ambiguity
  d) The characters of the inherent movement of falling
  e) The fundamental structures of Dasein from the horizon of
30. The structure of uncanniness
  a) The phenomenon of flight and fear
     α Fear as being afraid of something considered in its four
         essential moments
     β  The modifications of fear
     γ  Fear in the sense of fearing about
  b) Dread and uncanniness
  c) More original explication of falling and dread
     (uncanniness) as a preview of the basic constitution of
     Dasein as care
31. Care as the being of Dasein
  a) Determination of the articulated structure of care
  b) The phenomena of urge and propensity
  c) Care and dicoverdness
  d) Care and the character of the 'before' in understanding and
     interpretation (prepossession, preview, preconception)
  e) The 'Fable of Cura' as an illustration of an original
     self-interpretation of Dasein
  f) Care and intentionality


The Exposition of Time Itself

32. The result and the task of the fundamental analysis of Dasein:
            elaboration of the question of being itself
33. Necessity for the thematic development of the phenomenological
            interpretation of Dasein as a whole. The phenomenon of death
34. Phenomenological interpretation of death as a phenomenon of Dasein
  a) The utmost possibility of death in the mode of being of everydayness
  b) The authentic relationship of the being of Dasein toward death
35. The phenomenon of willing to have a conscience and of being guilty
36. Time as the being in which Dasein can be its totality

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Created 2001/12/23
Last updated 2007/12/13